Countries ”deposit” their instruments with the Secretary-General designated ”custodian” by the Paris Agreement. The instruments themselves are documents signed by the Head of State, which show that the government ratifies, accepts, approves or adheres to them, and commits to faithfully applying and applying its conditions. The agreement provides that it will enter into force 30 days after the tabling of instruments for ratification, acceptance or accession by 55 countries representing 55% of global emissions. To date, 73 countries and the European Union have joined the agreement, exceeding the 55% emission threshold. Although the long-term persistent temperatures signed up to the agreement, average temperatures in the first half of 2016 were about 1.3 degrees Celsius above the 1880 average when global records began.  The entry into force of the Paris Agreement has a number of important effects. In accordance with Article 21 of the Paris Agreement, the double threshold (at least 55 contracting parties representing at least 55% of global emissions) is reached thirty days after the date. Step three: once a sufficient number of countries (55) cover a certain percentage of emissions (55%) It will be officially a party to the Paris agreement, it will enter into force. In accordance with Article 21 of the Paris Agreement, the agreement will enter into force ”on the thirtieth day following the year when at least 55 parties to the agreement entered into force at least 55% of total global greenhouse gas emissions.” The Paris agreement will officially enter into force next month, with legally binding countries ratifying it to honour commitments made last year.
Andrew Norton, Director of the International Institute for Environment and Development, said: ”The voices of those who will be most affected by the devastating effects of climate change need to be heard. Governments must strive to plan practical measures for the implementation of the agreement and explain how climate finance can actually reach people in the poorest and most vulnerable countries. Once the Paris Agreement enters into force, countries that have tabled their instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval are considered to be contracting parties to the agreement. The parties to the agreement enjoy the rights and privileges of the agreement and are subject to their obligations under the agreement. Only the parties to the agreement are responsible for management, supervision and decision-making. Although these countries are not bound by the requirements of the agreement, they are not protected by its provisions and are not able to participate actively, but in governance. Countries that have not ratified it can observe meetings of the agreement`s governing body, but they cannot vote on how the agreement will be implemented. Countries can file their accession articles with the United Nations and ratify the agreement at any time before or after it enters into force. Parties that ratify the agreement before the agreement enters into force can apply the agreement on an interim basis and inform the governing body that they have begun to implement it.
For parties that ratify the agreement after the agreement enters into force, the agreement will enter into force and become mandatory for that part 30 days after the united Nations membership instrument is tabled. On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S. President Barack Obama said, ”Even if we achieve all the goals… we will only get to part of where we need to go. He also said that ”this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change.”