Turkey Libya Agreement Sea

In Libya, the signing of the memorandum elicited different reactions: it was welcomed by the government`s supporters of the national agreement, but rejected by supporters of Khalifa Haftar and the Tobruk Parliament. Ahmad Al Mismari, the official spokesman for Haftar`s forces, rejected the agreement and warned that ”military force will be used to prevent any violation of Libyan sovereignty.” [11] Members of the Tobruk Parliament expressed similar sentiments, while President Aguila Saleh Issa sent a letter to the UN GENERAL SECRETARy, Antonio Guterres, in which they called the agreement ”null and void”. Saleh called for the agreement to be ratified by the Tobruk parliament and ”Libya and Turkey have no common maritime borders.” [12] According to the Turkish newspaper Daily Sabah, the new agreement consists of the establishment of 200 nautical miles of EEZ and an 18.6 nautical mile continental shelf facility. [8] According to Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the Turkish position is that it protects its sovereign rights over the blue economy and defends its rights over the disputed area of the Mediterranean. [9] According to the Anadolu agency, the legality of the EEZ borders in the Mediterranean should also be determined by continental and continental data, instead of island calculations. [10] The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement ”violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries.” [3] Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement ”illegal”, while Greece considers it ”unconfessed” and ”geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts. [4] Last year, Turkey and the Tripoli-based Government of the National Agreement (GNA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding to demarcate their maritime borders. The agreement, which would allow them to claim large areas of the Mediterranean and potential energy resources, has been denounced by Greece, Cyprus and other nations.

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